Lesson 3: Device driver installation and hard drive setup


In lesson 3 we’ll show device drivers installation for hardware Windows didn’t recognize during the Windows installation. Then we’ll complete the hard drive setup by partitioning and formating the second SATA hard drive.

In order to see what hardware Windows has detected we need to go to device manager. The quickest way to get there is to go to Start and right-click on Computer, go to Manage and Device Manager is over on the left.

We can see in the list there’s a section called Other Devices. This is all the hardware that Windows has detected, but it doesn’t have a driver for. There’s an Ethernet controller, a PCI Simple Communication Device, a SM Bus Controller and two USB controllers.

What we’re going to do is install the drivers for each of the devices until all the hardware that’s now in Other Devices is in the other categories where it should be.

Before we start installing drivers there are a few thing you need to know. The first is that drivers made for Windows Vista will also work in Windows 7 and 8. So if you have an older piece of hardware that the manufacturer hasn’t produced drivers for 7 or 8, trying the Vista drivers is an option. Second, if you’ve installed the 64-bit version of Windows 7 or 8 you need to make sure the drivers you install either from a disc that came with the hardware or drivers you’ve downloaded from the hardware makers website are made for the 64-bit version of Windows 7 or 8. The same is true if you install the 32-bit version of Windows 7 or 8. You need to make sure the drivers you install are the 32-bit version. Some drivers will come with the 32bit and 64bit drivers in the same download package. The installer will detect which version you need and install it.{reg}

We’ll begin by installing the drivers for the Ethernet controller.

We could use the driver disk that came with the motherboard but to make sure we get the latest version I’m going to go to the motherboard makers website.

Before we can go there we need to get this computer online. Windows has already recognized the wireless network adapter we installed and loaded a driver for it. Down by the clock there is an icon showing that wireless networks are in range. I’ll click it and choose the name of my wireless network. I’ll type in the security key. I’ll tell it this is a home network which will enable file and device sharing. If you choose Work it does the same. If you are connecting to a public network, such as one at a coffee shop, you’ll want to choose Public which will not allow any kind of sharing and help keep your computer secure.

Windows 7 and 8 will ask if you want to create a home group or if it detects one already set up it will ask if you want this computer to join the home group. Home groups allow you to share files and devices between computers on a network. For more on setting up sharing, see the Home Network Builder videos on the website. I’ll choose not to set up a home group.

Now that we’re online, I’ll go to the motherboard makers website which is www.gigabyte.com and choose my region. Go to Support and Downloads. I’ll type in the motherboard’s model number, click it, click Support and Downloads at the bottom, I’ll choose Windows 7 64bit, since that is what I’m running. The Ethernet controller driver is under LAN, short for Local Area Network.

There is a diagnostic utility and a driver. I’ll get the driver and save it to the desktop.

It is going to extract the files to the desktop. I’ll go into the folder it created and run the setup. With very few exceptions when installing drivers it is mostly clicking Next several times and then Finish. If we go back to the device manager, the Realtek ethernet controller is now under Network adapters.

I can’t tell from their names what PCI Simple communication device and SM Bus controller are, but there is a website that can help us out. It’s called www.pcidatabase.com and we can do a search by vendor or device. Now to get the information to enter here, we’ll go back to Device Manager we’ll right-click on the PCI Simple communication device and go to Properties. Click the Details tab and switch to hardware ids and what we’re looking for is the four digits after Ven, short for Vendor or the maker of the device, which in this case is 8086 and the four digits after dev, short for Device, which here is 1E3A. I’ll go back to pcidatabase.com and type in the device id. It’s an Intel Management Engine Interface. I’ll go back to the Gigabyte website and there it is under Chipset. I’ll click to download it, to the desktop.

Lets check the SM bus controller. I’ll switch to hardware ids and the device id is 1e22. I’ll type that into the device search at pcidatabase.com and it says it’s an SM Bus controller, which we already knew, but it says it is part of the Intel chipset. I’ll go back to the gigabyte website and there is another driver just below the management interface in the Chipset category. That will most likely install a driver for the SM bus controller so I’ll download it to the Desktop. Let’s go install those two drivers.

They are both extracting the files to folders on the desktop. If you download the files to a different folder, like the download folder for instance, the files will be extracted there. I’ll go in and run the setup for each. If the drivers ask you to restart the computer you can say no. The drivers will still work and you can restart the computer after all of the drivers are installed. Let’s go look in the device manager. Both the Management Interface and SM bus are gone from Other devices and are now under System Devices with different sames.

The last two devices under Other devices are both USB controllers. If we go back to the Gigabyte website we see two USB drivers. One from Intel and the other from VIA. We could check the hardware ids to find out which is which but that isn’t necessary since we can just install each driver and the computer will figure it out. I’ll get both downloading and run through the extraction and install process. Back in Device Manager the Other Devices category is now gone and both the USB controller are now under USB devices.

There are two other devices we need to download drivers for. The ATI video card and the Sound Blaster XFI sound card. Both are currently using drivers that shipped with Windows, but they will perform better with the latest drivers from the manufacturer. I’ll start with the video card by going to www.amd.com, AMD purchased ATI and now all the drivers are on their site. If you have an NVIDIA video card go to www.nvidia.com to get the latest drivers. I’ll go to Drivers and Support and Download and Drivers Center. I’ll choose Desktop Graphics, Radeon HD Series, 4xxx series and Windows 7 64bit.

I’ll scroll down and click download next to the Catalyst Software Suite. Catalyst is what AMD calls their video drivers.

While that is downloading I’ll go to www.creative.com to get the drivers for my add-on sound card. I’ll go to Customer Support and Technical Support, click Sound Blaster, X-Fi Series and it is the Titanium. I’ll click Next, click to download the driver and I’ll agree. While that is downloading I see the video drivers finished downloading so I will run through their install. On the video drivers if you’re given the option to do a custom install it is a good idea. Occasionally there will be a game demo that gets installed by default and if you don’t want it you can uncheck it. I’ll leave all the components checked. The video drivers are installed.

Now I’ll install the sound card drivers and I’ll skip through this quickly. That is the last driver to install so I’ll let it restart the computer.

Let’s go take a look at the Device Manager. Under Display Adapters we see the video card and under Sound, video and game controllers we see the XFI sound card.

We’ll we’ve been installing these drivers, after we connected the computer to the Internet Windows has been downloading updates for Windows. The icon is down by the clock and is often hidden behind this little triangle. I’ll double click it and Windows 7 has found and is ready to install over one hundred updates, Windows 8 will find fewer at this point though as time goes by there will be more and more that have to be installed after you install Windows. There are two sections, Important and Optional. If some of the Important updates are not checked it is best to leave them unchecked until this set of updates are installed. If you try to force them they are likely not to install. After this set installs and the computer restarts Windows will automatically check those updates and allow them to install. Under the Optional updates there are a few drivers that is wants to update. We just installed the latest drivers for these devices so we’ll leave them unchecked. I will check the updates for Windows, click OK and click Install Updates. Windows will prompt you to restart the computer when needed. It takes several rounds of updates before they all complete.

Last we’ll partition and format the hard drive we installed into the computer. To do that we need to go to Disk Management which is also in Computer Management, below the Device Manager.

We can see our C drive which is a 256GB SSD and the 1TB hard drive with no drive letter and its unallocated which means it doesn’t have a partition.

Before we put a partition on the drive and format it. Down here in the list we also have our DVD drive and it’s taking the D drive. what I’d like to do is to change the drive letter of the DVD drive to E so that our second hard drive can take the D drive designation.

To change the drive letter we’ll right-click on the DVD drive, go to change drive letter. click change. In the drop-down we’ll change it to the E drive, click okay. We’ll click yes and the DVD drive is now the E drive

Now if we right-click on the hard drive, click New partition, Next, we’ll make a primary partition, Next, we’ll let it use the maximum size of the disk for the partition. It will be assigned to D drive. We’ll click perform a quick format, Next and Finish. Its formatting the drive and it’s done.

Now if we click Start and go to Computer, down here in the list, we now have our first and second hard drives as the C and D drive and our DVD drive is the E drive. Now we could have left things the way they were, with the DVD drive being designated the D drive, but personally I like it this way, to have the SSD as C and the hard drive as D and the DVD drive next on the list of drive letters. I know that still is very telling about my personality but hey, what other type of person would make a set of videos like this?

So we have our drives ready to use and back in Device Manager all the drivers are installed for the hardware. So the only thing left to do is to set up the computer the way you like it. We want to show you a useful website. It is www.ninite.com. This website allows you to install several programs at once. It chooses not to install any extra software or toolbars which some software will trick you installing if you install them the traditional way. I usually install Chrome as my browser, Java, since lots of websites require it, Adobe Reader for opening PDF’s and Avast for antivirus. All of these programs are free. OpenOffice is a great alternative to Microsoft Office, TeamViewer let you remotely control any computer. Google search the names to find out about the other programs.

I’ve got what I want checked so I’ll click Get Installer, click to download it and run it. You’ll get a few prompts making sure you really want to do this. I need to close Internet Explorer otherwise the Java install will fail. The Ninite program downloads each software and installs them automatically. If any of the installs fail there will be a link at the top to retry. In the next lesson we’ll show how to install a second video card to enable crossfire or SLI mode for better gaming performance.