Lesson 1: BIOS Setup - build your own PC
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In lesson 1 we will setup the computers BIOS or Basic Input Output System. This is where the computer sees the hardware components at a very basic, low level. We will cover all of the functions and settings you need to know in order to build your own PC.
We’ll power the computer on and this is called the Logo screen. Most computers show this instead of a list of hardware information. It goes by very quickly so we’ve pressed the Pause/Break key to stop it so we can take a look. There are options to enter the setup, change the boot order or Flash the BIOS. BIOS stands for Basic Input Output System. This is where the computer sees the hardware components at a very basic, low level. Along with the BIOS most motherboards also have UEFI which stands for Unified Extensible Firmware Interface which provides more features like booting to drives larger than 2.2TB and faster startup times.
To enter the BIOS or UEFI setup on this computer we’ll press the Delete key on the keyboard. On some motherboards it is the F1, F2 or F10 key. The first thing you’ll want to do is switch to the advanced mode which offers far more options for making changes. On a UEFI enabled BIOS there is usually the option to use the mouse to navigate around though you might find it easier to use the keyboard. Use the arrow keys to move around, Enter to make a selection and Escape to back up.
On a Gigabyte made motherboard like this one there is a MIT section, short for Motherboard Intelligent Tweaker. This mostly has to do with overclocking which we don’t go into in this video. See the website for overclocking instructions. There are a few things that may need to be changed. The first is under Advanced Memory Timings and Channel Timing Settings. The default CAS settings here are 11,11,11 and 28. The RAM I have installed is capable of running at 9, 9, 9 and 24. On some motherboards, like this one, you can set the CAS timings separately for each channel so I’ll set them for channel B as well. I’ll press Escape to back out.
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