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Lesson 2: RAM and CPU installation - How to install the RAM, processor and CPU cooler

 

Overview

In this lesson we’ll be installing the memory sticks and processor onto the motherboard as well as the heat sink and fan, to cool the processor.

Static Electricity

Before we start let’s talk about static electricity. If you’ve ever shocked another person by touching them or gotten a shock touching a door knob, you know what we mean. Static electricity is deadly to computer parts.

Carpet is a big generator of static electricity, so it’s best to work on solid floors. If you have to stand on carpet, be sure to wear rubber soled shoes, which will insulate you from the carpet.

A good way to drain your self of static is to touch the computer case before handling the other parts.

Also try to handle the parts by only touching the edges. Avoid touching the chips and exposed circuits.

By using these simple precautions you’ll greatly reduce the chance of component failures.

First we'll show how to install 2 DDR3 memory sticks and an AMD FM1, FM2 or AM3+ CPU and cooler onto a socket FM1, FM2 or AM3+ motherboard.  Then we'll show how to install a Core i5 processor onto an Intel Socket 1150 or 1155 motherboard.   Last we’ll install 4 DDR3 memory stick and a Core i7 processor onto an Intel socket LGA 2011 motherboard.


How to install 2, DDR3 RAM Sticks in Dual Channel Mode (Memory)

To install the memory sticks, first find the memory slots on the motherboard. The slots are numbered and you should install the memory sticks into either the first and second, first and 3rd or 2nd and 4th slots. See your motherboard manual to be sure you use the correct slots to enable Dual Channel mode. The slots have tabs on each side to hold the sticks in place. On this motherboard we'll open the tabs on the 2nd and 4th slots, to install the RAM sticks in Dual Channel mode.

Take a look at the memory stick and you’ll see a notch on the bottom, slightly off center. This notch matches up with a notch on the memory slot and is there to prevent the memory stick from going in backwards.

 

This is where the sample video ends and the free written instruction ends as well. {reg}

Match up the notches and place the memory stick into the guides on each side of the slot. Once in place, press on each side of the memory stick, straight down, and the RAM will snap into place. The tabs on each side will automatically come up to hold the RAM in the slot. Repeat this to install the second stick of RAM.


How to install an AMD AM3 Processor (CPU)

Now onto installing the processor. This processor is an  AMD AM3+ CPU and the motherboard is specifically made for it. Installing an FM1 or FM2 CPU onto an FM1 or FM2 motherboard is done the same way. Note that socket FM1, FM2  and AM3+ are not compatible with each other.  We’ll install an Intel LGA 1150 or 1155 CPU and an Intel LGA 2011 CPU, onto their motherboards, in a few minutes.

Begin by locating the CPU socket. Known as a ZIFF or zero insertion force socket, it is designed to allow the processor to be installed quickly and with little effort.

Pull the arm on the side of the socket slightly to the side and up.

Notice the small triangle on one of the corners of the socket and the large gold triangle on the corner of the CPU.

Hold the CPU by its sides and turn it over. Take a look to make sure all the pins are straight and find the corner with the gold triangle. Now match this corner on the CPU, with the corner on the socket with the small triangle and place the CPU onto the socket.

Move the CPU slightly until it drops into the socket. No force is needed; it will simply drop into place. Now hold down the CPU to be sure it’s all the way in and lower the arm on the socket. This locks the CPU in place and it’s installed.


How to install the AMD CPU Cooler


Next we’ll install the heat sink and fan which will cool the CPU.

This cooler came with thermal compound already applied, so no addition compound is needed.

Never, under any circumstances power the computer on with out the cooler attached. The CPU will overheat in a matter of seconds and could be damaged.

Around the CPU there is a retention base that is used to hold the cooler in place. The cooler attaches to the base using 2 brackets, one at each side.

First, attach the side with the locking lever to the retention module base

On the other side of the cooler press down and toward the CPU bracket.

Rotate the cam handle from the left to the right to secure the cooler to the motherboard.

Coolers from other 3rd party manufacturers use other methods of attaching the cooler. If you’ve purchased one of these other coolers, follow the instruction provided with the cooler.

Then connect the power cable to the motherboard.

That’s how you install the memory sticks, processor and cooler onto an AMD FM1, FM2 or AM3+ motherboard.


How to install an Intel Socket 1150 or 1155 Processor (CPU)

Next we'll install an Intel Core i5 CPU onto a socket 1155 motherboard.  The process for installing a socket 1150 CPU onto it's motherboard is the same.  Note that socket 1150 and socket 1155 are not compatible with each other.

This processor is an Intel LGA 1155 CPU and the motherboard is specifically made for it. 

Begin by placing the motherboard on top of the motherboard's box.

Then find the CPU socket on the motherboard.

On the side of the socket there is an arm. Push the arm down, slightly to the side and up.

The load plate will come up with the arm.

Use your index finger and thumb to remove the plastic cap from the socket.

Take a look at the pins on the socket but DO NOT TOUCH THEM! They are very fragile and will bend easily.

The CPU is rectangular shaped and has a gold triangle on one corner. Rotate the CPU so that the triangle is at the opposite corner from the lever on the socket. There are also alignment keys on the socket that will fit into notches on the CPU. The CPU will go in with no force. It just seats right in. Don't use any force to keep from damaging the pins on the socket.

Lower the load plate over the CPU making sure the front end goes under the shoulder screw. Then lower the lever, the socket cover will pop off and the lever will latch into place.

That’s how you install the processor onto an Intel socket LGA 1150 or 1155 motherboard.

Installing an Intel CPU Cooler

Never, under any circumstances power the computer on without the cooler attached. The CPU will overheat in a matter of seconds and could be damaged.

The cooler attaches to the motherboard using 4 fasteners at the corners. The fasteners go through the holes in the motherboard. We put the motherboard on top of its box because the box will give just enough for the fasteners to catch the underside of the motherboard. Before attaching the cooler make sure it has some thermal compound on the bottom.

The thermal compound is used to create a good seal between the CPU and the cooler. If the cooler didn’t come with the compound already applied or you have cleaned off the original compound, put a pea sized amount on the CPU. When you attach the cooler the compound will spread out to cover the CPU and allow heat to be transferred to the cooler.

To attach the cooler rotate it so the fans power cable is closest to the CPU fan connector on the motherboard and lower the cooler onto the socket matching up the 4 fasteners on the cooler with the 4 holes on the motherboard.

The CPU fan connector is the only fan connector with 4 pins.

Make sure the tips of the fasteners are started in the holes of the motherboard.

Push down 2 of the fasteners at opposite corners at the same time and then push down the other 2 fasteners at the same time to secure the cooler to the motherboard. You will hear a pinging click when it is secure.

The cooler is now attached and we need to connect the fan's power cable to the CPU fan connector on the motherboard.


How to install 4, DDR3 RAM Stick in Quad Channel Mode (Memory)

Last we'll install 4 DDR3 memory sticks and an Intel Core i7 CPU onto a socket 2011 motherboard

To install the memory sticks, first find the memory slots on the motherboard. If your motherboard has 4 memory slots you just need to install a quad channel memory kit to fill all the slots and quad channel will be enabled. If your motherboard has 8 memory slots you can add 2 quad channel memory kits to populate all 8 slots and quad channel will be enabled.

If your motherboard has 8 memory slots and you want to add only one quad channel kit and keep 4 slots open to add memory in the future see your motherboard manual for instruction on which memory slots to populate and enable quad channel. On our motherboard it is the two slots furthest away from the CPU and then then 2 slots in on both side of the CPU.

On this motherboard there is only one tab to hold the RAM sticks in place . We’ll open the tabs on the first, third, sixth and eighth slots to install the RAM sticks.

Take a look at the memory stick and you’ll see a notch on the bottom, slightly off center. This notch matches up with a notch on the memory slot and is there to prevent the memory stick from going in backwards.

Match up the notches and place the memory stick into the guides on each side of the slot. Once in place, press on each side of the memory stick, straight down, and the RAM will snap into place. The tab will automatically come up to hold the RAM in the slot. Repeat this to install the second, third and fourth stick of RAM.


How to install an Intel Socket 2011 Processor (CPU)

Now onto installing the processor. This processor is an Intel LGA 2011 CPU and the motherboard is specifically made for it.

First find the CPU socket on the motherboard.

There are arms on two sides of the socket. Position the motherboard so the top of the motherboard, where the 8 pin power connection is located, faces the right. Push the top arm down, slightly to the side and up about half way.

Push the lower arm down, slightly the to side and all the way up. Push the top arm down and it will raise the load plate up enough to grab it and open it up.

Take a look at the pins on the socket but DO NOT TOUCH THEM! They are very fragile and will bend easily.

There is a triangle on one corner of the socket and a triangle on one corner of the CPU. Rotate the CPU to match up the position of both triangles. There are also alignment keys on the CPU and the socket to prevent the CPU from going in the wrong way.

The CPU will go in with no force. It just seats right in. Don't use any force to keep from damaging the pins on the socket.

Lower the load plate over the CPU and then lower bottom lever and it will latch into place. Then lower the top lever and latch it into place

That’s how you install the memory sticks and processor onto an Intel socket LGA 2011 motherboard. Socket 2011 CPUs do not come with a CPU cooler so you will need to purchase one separately. All socket 2011 coolers attach to the 4 screw holes on the socket. Follow the instruction that come with the cooler your choose.

If the cooler doesn’t have thermal compound already applied remember to put a pee sized amount of compound in the middle of the CPU before attaching the cooler. When you attach the cooler this will spread out to cover the CPU and allow heat to be transferred to the cooler.

In the next lesson, we’ll install the motherboard into the case and for the Intel CPU's we will attach the CPU cooler to the motherboard

Home PC Builder 2014

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